The Inquiry Page 2

Joseph Clark Grew

sent to Groton at twelve; graduated Harvard College 1902; diplomatic missions in Mexico City (1906), St. Petersburg (1907), Berlin (1908 and 1912-1917), and Vienna (1911);  chief of the State Department’s Division of Western European Affairs during the war (1917–1919); secretary of the American Peace Commission in Paris (1919–1920); Ambassador to Denmark (April 7, 1920 to October 14, 1921); Ambassador to Switzerland; Conference of Lausanne; Under Secretary of State under Coolidge (April 16, 1924 to June 30, 1927); Foreign Service Personnel Board; Rogers Act 1924 refused Black candidates; Ambassador to Turkey (1927 – 1932); Ambassador to Japan 1932; Japanese celebrity; :unquestionably the most important US ambassador” John Hersey; worked with Tokugawa Iesato at the House of Peers; On January 27, 1941, Grew secretly cabled the State Department with rumors passed on by the Peruvian Minister to Japan: “Japan military forces planned a surprise mass attack at Pearl Harbor in case of ‘trouble’ with the United States.” Joseph C. Grew (1944), Ten Years In Japan pg. 355; special assistant to Cordell Hull 1942; director of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs (December 1944 to August 1945); Under Secretary of State (December 20, 1944 to August 15, 1945); Acting Secretary of State January to August 1945;

Leland Harrison

United States diplomat, Eton College, Harvard; Harvard Law School; private secretary of United States Ambassador to Japan Thomas J. O’Brien; Bureau of Secret Intelligence (U-1); helped create the Diplomatic Security Service; “in charge of the collection and examination of all information of a secret nature coming into the Department from various sources and also to direct the work of the agents specially employed for that purpose” source, Allen Dulles – Master of Spies by James Srodes 1999; Page 83; assistant to the Conference on the Limitation on Armament; United States Assistant Secretary of State (March 31, 1922, to June 30, 1924); Minister to Sweden (May 31, 1927, to November11 , 1929); headed US delegation at International Telegraph Conference Brussels 1928; Minister to Uruguay 1929 (April 11, 1930, to October 9, 1930); resigned from the United States Foreign Service but returned between 1930 and 1935; chief of the International Relations Division of the Unite States Tariff Commission; Minister of Romania (July 24, 1935, to September 3, 1937); Minister to Switzerland and Liechtenstein (September 10, 1937, to October 14, 1947); sympathetic to Jewish rescue and relief operations worked closely with Gerhardt Riegner representative of the World Jewish Congress in Geneva and endorsed as credible several reports indicating the murder of Jews in Europe to the US State Department; 

Edward Mandell House

Hopkins Grammar School New Haven; Cornell Alpha Delta Phi 1887; founder Trinity and Brazos Valley Railway; founding member Council on Foreign Relations; member of the Metropolitan Club, Cosmos Club, Player’s Club, Lotus Club, Manhattan Club and the Century Club; minister without portfolio; son of Thomas William House Sr., a wealthy Texan important in the establishment of Houston Texas; played with guns as a child; brother blew half his face off while riding a horse; published Philip Dru: Administrator resembling Bull Moose platform 1912; one of commissioners in Paris; Woodrow Wilson advisor (1914-1918); cosmopolitan progressive admirer of British Liberal welfare reforms (1906-1914); several trans Atlantic diplomatic trips to meet with Edward Grey British foreign secretary (Rhodes Round Table); talks in diary of Lusitania sinking one day before Lusitania sinks; helped outline Fourteen Points; key negotiator in Paris, involved in the creation of the Covenant League of Nations; League of Nations Commission on Mandates with Lord Milner and Lord Robert Cecil of Great Britain, Henry Simon if France; Viscount Chinda of Japan, Guglielmo Marconi of Italy, and George Louis Beer and advisor; participated in the creation of the Council on Foreign Relations; both Inquiry member chief Sidney Mezes and intelligence personal secretary of House, Gordon Auchincloss brother-in-laws; 

Thomas William Lamont

Philips Exeter grad editor of The Exonian; Harvard Bachelor of Arts; first freshman editor The Harvard Crimson; partner at J.P. Morgan; purchased the New York Evening Post and sold it to Inquiry member, Edwin F. Gay and a consortium of 34 financial and reform political leaders in 1918; Lamont and Norman H. Davis appointed representatives of the US Dept of Treasury at Paris 1919; founding member of the CFR; leading role in Dawes and Young Plan, advisor to mission to the Allies with House; went to Russia after Bolsheviks took power; spokesmen for J.P. Morgan during Pujo investigations; mentor to Wilson, Hoover, FDR. member of Jekyll Island Club; member of the Liberty Loan Committee selling war bonds to Americans; missions to Russian, called for America to aid the Bolsheviks in order for the USSR to stay in the war;

Robert Lansing

Bachelor of Arts Amherst; American Lawyer member of Lansing and Lansing; advocated benevolent neutrality; and diplomat; United States Secretary of State under Woodrow Wilson; member of the American Commission to Negotiate Peace; Lansing and the State Department upset at the acceptance of both Colonel House and the Inquiry; did not consider the League of Nations essential to a peace treaty; largely ignored in Paris; uncle of John Foster and Allan Dulles, the two lawyers who wrote the Treaty of Versailles; negotiated Lansing – Ishii Agreement with Japan 1917; member of the American Commission to Negotiate Peace in Paris 1919;